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How To Get Rid Of Internal Haemorrhoids and Treatment Options

Internal haemorrhoids are swollen veins located within the rectum. Unlike external haemorrhoids, which form under the skin around the anus, internal haemorrhoids develop inside the rectum and are generally not visible. They are typically painless but can cause symptoms such as rectal bleeding, a feeling of fullness, or discomfort during bowel movements. Internal haemorrhoids are often caused by increased pressure in the lower rectum due to straining during bowel movements, chronic constipation, or prolonged sitting.

Treatment of Haemorrhoids

Treatment for internal haemorrhoids includes a variety of options. Self care treatment includes dietary changes and medications. For more severe cases, medical procedures are needed to shrink or remove the haemorrhoid. These medical procedures include:

Rubber band ligation:

Rubber band ligation involves placing a small elastic band around the hemorrhoid using suction. This cuts off the blood supply, causing the hemorrhoid to fall off within 1-2 weeks. The procedure is quick and simple with a fast recovery time, though it may be less effective in curing the condition compared to more extensive treatments.

HALO (Haemorrhoid Artery Ligation Operation):

HALO involves placing an absorbable stitch to tie off blood vessels and lift prolapsed tissue, correcting the protrusion. This procedure requires general anaesthesia and can be painful for a few days afterward. Although no treatment guarantees a cure for haemorrhoids, HALO offers a more definitive solution for larger haemorrhoids.

Rafaelo:

The Rafaelo treatment uses radio frequency ablation to shrink the blood vessels causing internal haemorrhoids. It is considered more effective than banding and, while not guaranteed, is less painful than HALO surgery. As a new technology, long-term efficacy data is still lacking.

Haemorrhoidectomy:

This operation involves surgically removing or trimming the haemorrhoids under general, spinal, or local anaesthesia. It is suitable for haemorrhoids that protrude and involve the skin. The procedure creates scar tissue at the excision site, which can lead to long-term itching and soreness.

Haemorrhoid Prevention and Self Care

You can prevent haemorrhoids through a number of ways:

  • Eating foods which are high in fibre
  • Drinking water and remaining hydrated
  • Not straining during bowel movements
  • Not sitting on the toilet for a long period of time
  • Avoiding regular heavy lifting

If you are suffering from internal haemorrhoids and would like to seek out medical advice, or treatment options, contact leading specialist Mr. Andrew Clarke today.

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